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How to Prevent the Flu This Year

Flu season is upon us again, and the time to prepare is now. Lehigh Valley Health Network’s Director of Infection Control and Prevention, Terry Burger, RN, has the insights you need to stay well during flu season, and know what to do if you get sick.

How to Prevent the Flu

While Benjamin Franklin’s quote, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” wasn’t about health, the saying resonates as a flu prevention message. Influenza is a prevalent and deadly illness—last year 80,000 Americans died from the flu. But there are several simple ways you can help prevent the spread of influenza and stay well:

Should You Get the Flu Shot?

Even in years when the vaccine is not an exact match for the circulating influenza viruses, getting a flu shot is your best defense. “There is lots of evidence-based research that shows vaccination decreases hospital visits, decreases hospitalizations, decreases lost work days, lost time at school, and it is your number one best method for protecting yourself and your family,” Burger says.

Everyone ages 6 months and older should get a flu shot each year. The only people who should not are those with underlying contraindications – talk with your health care provider to understand if you have any reasons to not get a flu shot.

Be Careful What You Touch

Frequent hand washing can help remove viruses and other microbes from your skin. Alcohol-based hand cleansers can be used when you can’t wash your hands.

Remember to avoid touching your face after touching surfaces that others have touched like: door knobs, cabinet handles, telephones, faucet handles, microwave or fridge handles, remote controls, shopping cart push handle, etc.

Also, clean surfaces to help remove viruses. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says common cleaners, including soap, chlorine bleach or hydrogen peroxide, can kill the flu virus on surfaces.

How to Keep Your Flu from Spreading to Others

If you happen to get sick with flu, Burger says there are things you can do to NOT spread your illness to others:

  • Do not go to work, school, the mall, grocery store, the movies, place of worship, etc.
  • Sneeze into a tissue or the crook of your elbow
  • Cough into a tissue or the crook of your elbow
  • Toss used tissues into the trash. (Reminder: If you happen to clean up someone else’s used tissue, wash your hands thoroughly.)

Flu symptoms come on suddenly and include fever, body aches, chills, tiredness, cough and headache, and for some people sneezing, stuffy nose and sore throat. The CDC says cold symptoms are milder than flu symptoms. If you go to the doctor and are diagnosed with influenza, you may be treated with antiviral medication.

If your symptoms seem severe, you may need help at the ER, says Burger. “Go to the hospital if you have shortness of breath, if you have a prolonged illness that doesn’t seem to be getting better, or if you are feeling chest pain,” she says.

Here's a Major Flu Myth

One myth Burger says you need to know the truth about is this: You cannot get sick from the flu shot. “It’s an inactivated vaccine. You absolutely cannot get the flu from the flu shot,” she says.

As we move into a time of year when flu becomes more widespread, make time to get your flu shot. “Flu shots save lives,” Burger says. “You will not only protect yourself, but will help reduce the risk of spreading the flu to the people you love.”

Reminder: Get your flu shot this year.

Come to our drive-through flu shot clinic on Nov. 9 and 10. Learn more at LVHN.org/flushotclinic or go to your primary care provider’s office. If you need a primary care provider, call 888-402-LVHN (5846) or visit LVHN.org/Find_a_Doctor.